2014-10-24

Favorite online dictionaries

Since I wrote here on my favorite dictionaries in May 2011, I still included print dictionaries and dictionary software programs. But since then the landscape of practical lexicography has changed rather drastically and my knowledge of lexicography has also increased and improved.

Most of the dictionaries I use regularly on weekdays are online ones, and many of them are freely accessible. I'm too lazy to use those that require user login, even if they are free. But all my favorite online dictionaries listed below are still based on their original print versions. On the following list the six languages I use actively now and the dictionaries I use in each language are arranged according to the frequency of use. I don't use Hebrew, Yiddish, Esperanto and Japanese dictionaries as I know these languages well enough and I use them mostly for reception. On the other hand, I use Russian dictionaries now much more frequently as I'm trying to improve my knowledge of this most beautiful language on this planet.

1 English

  1. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners
    • Free
    • English-English
    • For production
  2. Oxford Dictionary of English
    • Free
    • English-English
    • For reception
  3. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary
    • Free
    • English-English
    • For production
  4. Collins English Dictionary
    • Free
    • English-English
    • For reception

2 Russian

  1. Bol'šoj tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka
    • Free
    • Russian-Russian
    • For reception
  2. Collins Russian-English Dictionary
    • Free
    • Russian-English
    • For reception
  3. Collins English-Russian Dictionary
    • Free
    • Russian-English
    • For production

3 Hebrew

  1. Rav-milim: A Comprehensive Dictionary of Modern Hebrew
    • Commercial (I use this online dictionary for free through my university)
    • Hebrew-Hebrew-English
    • For reception and production

4 Yiddish

  1. Comprehensive Yiddish-English Dictionary
    • Free; registration and login required
    • Yiddish-English
    • For reception and production

5 Esperanto

  1. Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto
    • Free; registration and login required
    • Esperanto-Esperanto
    • For reception and production

6 Japanese

  1. Daijisen
    • Free
    • Japanese-Japanese
    • For reception and production